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There are opinions that there isn’t any concrete chronological evidence for this art. But in India, .... More...
A musical instrument adapted to create musical sound played in certain format and musical notation to develop compositions      More...





                            The Mamallapuram Dance Festival is held every year
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          Bharatanatyam
      Folk Dance
    Kuchipudi

Bharata

This is one of the oldest form of dance in India performed in the Temples and in the Courts of Kings. Relating to its religious origin, it is almost similar to the dance format compiled by Sage Bharatha Muni in his famous Natya Sasthra. Bharatha Natyam was handed down as a living tradition from one generation to another as Devadasi System. Later, the Four brothers from Thanjavur of the early 19th century Chinnaiah, Ponniah, Sivanandam and Vadivel popularly called as the Thanjavur Quartet or Nattuvanars of Pandanallur, composed numerous varnams and kritis and contributed to the Development of Bharatanatyam and Carnatic Music. Highly talented artistes and the Male Gurus [Nattuvanars] were the sole repository of the art till 20th Century. By this time, due to lack of patronage and changed society modes, the Devadasi system started falling apart. Even though many contributed to the development of this art, it was the sincere and concentrated efforts of E.Krishnasamy Iyer and Rukmini Devi Arundale brought this Bharathanatyam Dance out of the boundaries of the Temples to the Public Stages, retaining the devotional charecterstics or features of the art. The school established for creating artistes to learn all types of classical dances was the brain child of Rukmini Devi Arundale. It was named KALAKSHETRA and it is located in Tiruvanmiyur, Chennai.

Today, Bharatha Natyam is one of the very popular and widely performed art practiced by Male and Female dancers all over India. UG and PG courses are offered in some of the major universities to develop the art of Bharathanatyam. Alarmee Valli, Bala Saraswathi, Mrinalini Sarabhai, Rukmini Arundale, Kamala Laxman, Padma Subrahmaniam and Chithra Visweswaran are some of the famous exponents of this art and Panthanalloor Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai, Panthanalloor Chokkalingam Pillai, Padmasree Vazhoor Ramayya Pillai and Adayar Laxman fits into the list of notable NATTUVANARS.

 

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