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There are opinions that there isn’t any concrete chronological evidence for this art. But in India, .... More...
A musical instrument adapted to create musical sound played in certain format and musical notation to develop compositions      More...





                            The Mamallapuram Dance Festival is held every year
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          Bharatanatyam
      Folk Dance
    Kuchipudi

folk

KaragattamLiterature called as Iyal, Music called as Isai and Dance or Drama called as Nadagam are the three broad classifications of Art and Entertainment. The ancient Theru Koothu [Street Play] performed in almost all the villages, had all the three in its performance.

These dances are not choreographed but performed at social functions by people with or without training, generally vernacular, very often accompanied by traditional and locally or regionally practiced instrument[s] based music, with some distinguishing features. These dances were earlier meant for performance in its natural location or for regional festivals but not on stage. The performance of these dances are rather inherited by Tradition than Innovations. It must be accepted that these performances are arranged on stages these days with small modifications to suit that environment.

KARAGATTAM : It is a dance dedicated to Goddess Mariamman who is believed to bestow the earth with rains and making it a cool place to live in. Karagam was earlier performed during MULAIPARI festival in Muthulapuram, by carrying the sprouted grains on head and dance to the tune, balancing the sprouts. This type of dance is generally classified in two categories. Aatta Karakam [just for fun and play], one of the two type is performed with a decorated pot on head doing the balancing act, which makes every one happy and joyful. The other category is called Sakthi Karakam which is performed only in temples during the festival to fulfill the religious aspect of the art. During the early days it was performed with Naiyandi Melam at the background. This dance can be performed by both men and women, single , by pairs or as groups. Act of dancing on a rolling block of wood, going up and down a ladder, threading a needle are some acrobatic movements performed by the dancers. Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Pattukottai, and Salem Districts of Tamil Nadu have produced excellent exponent groups of this art. This art finds significant attraction amongst neighbouring countries like Singapore, Malaysia and Sri Lanka known for territories occupied by Tamil Minorities population.


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