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There are opinions that there isn’t any concrete chronological evidence for this art. But in India, .... More...
A musical instrument adapted to create musical sound played in certain format and musical notation to develop compositions      More...





                            The Mamallapuram Dance Festival is held every year
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          Bharatanatyam
      Folk Dance
    Kuchipudi

folk

Bagavatha Nandanam : This is colourfully celebrated during the festivals of Ramanavami and Gokulashtami in Lord Krishna Temples. A huge lamp is lit in the temple and the Dance is performed going around it is called Bagavatha Nadanam by singing songs in praise of Lord Krishna.

Theru Koothu : It was the best media of the yester years to propagate messages of religious or social importance to the people in villages. It is a village Open Air Theatre performance that begins in the evening and sometimes continues throughout the night and people keep awake and enjoy. The Music Troupe on the sidelines of Stage narrates the entire sequence , sings songs and plays music to suit the scene. It is completely a Male performers Domain and even the female charecters are played by men with colourful and heavy costume. The artistes require all round and good performing ability. Theru Koothu is popular in the northern districts of Tamil Nadu. Nattu Koothu including Valli Koothu, Kuravai Koothu, Samaya Koothu, Pei Koothu [demon] including Thunangai Koothu and Porkala Koothu [War time] are some categories of its kind.

Devarattam : It is considered as a Ritual as well a Social Folk Dance. This form of the folk dance is still practiced and preserved by the Kambala Nayakar Family, the descendants of the popular King and Freedom Fighter Veerapandiya Kattabomman. The Kambala dynasty is located at Kodangipatti of Madurai District. Because they consider themselves as ‘Devars’[ ‘God’] this art is called Devarattam. This dance was performed by them in the temples belonging to the community. The dancers hold a piece of cloth in both their hands and dance to the tune. This folk dance is considered as a combination of “muntherkuruvai” and “pintherkuruvai” of the ancient Tamil Kings. Devarattam was performed also to celebrate the victory of the king, in front of his Chariot, on his return from a victorious war front. . The King and his Marshals will dance on the deck of the chariot, the soldiers and female dancers would form in lines and dance from behind the chariot. Today, this does not have songs but performed to the beat of Urumi Melam, Thappu Melam and sometimes long flute. The Lead dancer makes the first step and others follow it.

Oyilattam : Oyil meas Grace or Elegance and a Dance in such a style is called as Oyilattam. This form of folk dance has its roots in Southern TamilNadu and performed in the districts of Madurai, Tirnelveli and Tiruchirapalli. It was traditionally a dance where a few men would stand in a row and perform rhythmic steps to the musical accompaniment, with the number of dancers increasing. It was a Male domain till recently, but women have also started performing this dance. The performers wear anklets with bells and a color cloth tied to their fingers. Women wear Saris with a cloth around their waist and decorate themselves with jewelry accessories. The Musical accompaniment is Thavil , that is played by the artiste themselves. They enact sequences from Epics like Ramanayam , Mahabaratham and many performances relates to Lord Murugan.

Snake Dance : Locally called as Paambu Attam / Dance. This is yet another art of the Southern Districts of Tamilnadu , generally performed by village women folk. The community believed, snake with reverence to Lord Murugan, as a protective divinity. They adorn skin tight snake skin costume and make movements like a snake, writhing with twists and turns. Flexibility of body and stimulating capacity is the most important features of the dancers.


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