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There are opinions that there isn’t any concrete chronological evidence for this art. But in India, .... More...
A musical instrument adapted to create musical sound played in certain format and musical notation to develop compositions      More...





                            The Mamallapuram Dance Festival is held every year
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Music Instruments

MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS : A musical instrument adapted to create musical sound played in certain format and musical notation to develop compositions and melodies to entertain and thrill the audience. The scholars believe the simple FLUTE is supposed to be the oldest available musical instrument but Historians believe ascertaining the time line of musical instruments and inventions is almost impossible. Many Musical instruments were made from Animal Skins, Bones, Wood , durable and non durable materials. Instruments of one part of the world can be used in far away places too.

mridanMRIDANGAM : It is locally called as the King of Percussion. It is a percussion from India of ancient origin, primarily an accompaniment in Carnatic Music performances. It is also used in different versions of Folk and regional art performances. This instrument is made of two sided jackfruit tree wood drum, with animal skin hide woven tight on both the sides of the hallow wooden drum. This is usually tuned with a small wooden block and a small stone. The performer plays mirudangam in such a manner with relevant notes to raise and lower the pitch as required. Performer sits on the floor, the weight of the Mridangam rests upon small cushion placed the right foot. The musical display as Thani Avarthanam of this instrument is a treat to the ears. Nagarcoil S Ganesha Iyer, Palghat Mani Iyer, Pudukottai Dakshinamurthi pillai, Palghat Raghu, Vellore Ramachandran, Madurai Srinivasan are some Vidwans of the past. Umayalpuram K Sivaraman, Karaikudi Mani, T.V.Gopala Krishnan, Guruvayur Dorai, Thiruvarur Bakthavatsalam, Anoor Anantha Krishna Sharma, A.V.Anand are some of the present day Vidwans. Maththalam and Tavil are two of the percussion instruments almost similar to each other along with Mridangam.

veeenaVeena is a stringed instrument and different versions of Veena are available. The traditional Veena has three parts such as Fingerboard, resonator and Peg box. The Thanjavur Veena is made of a Single Jack wood tree block, locally called as Palaa Maram. The pot like portion is carved out of a tool called Kolavu Uli. The bridge is placed on the flat top of the body of the veena and the neck attached to the stem is usually carved like that of Yali or Dragon. Twenty four metallic frets are fixed on the stem by mixing bees wax and charcoalpowder. Frets are made of Brass. The veena has seven strings. Of them, four are main strings that pass over the frets and are attached to the pegs of the neck. Pegs and knobs are made of rose wood. The other strings are used as side strings for rhythmic accompaniment. These strings pass over an arched bridge made of brass. The veena is played by sitting cross-legged upon the floor and holding the veena in front. The small gourd on the left touch the left thigh, the left arm passing round the stem so that the fingers rest easily upon the frets. The main body of the instrument is placed on the ground, partially supported by the right thigh. Rudra Veena, Vichitra Veena, Saraswati Veena and Mahanataka Veena are some versions of the Veenas available presently. Veenai Balachandar [1927-90] and present day m/s. Veenai Gayathri, Rajesh Vaidya, Jayanthi Kumaresh, Ayyagiri Syamsundaram and Nirmala Rjasekar are noted Vidwans of this instrument.


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