Tourism - An Overview
Tourist expenditure generates multiple effects with extensive outreach along its
value chain. Adding to the demand for a variety of goods and services, tourism offers
potential to exploit synergies across a large number of sectors such as agriculture,
horticulture, poultry, handicrafts, transport, construction, where
growth of income has favourable impact on poverty alleviation.
Tourism enhances the performance of the tourism sector in an environmentally and
culturally sustainable and socially inclusive manner. This would be reflected in:
It results in:
- Increase in the duration of stay,
- Distribution of income and benefits from tourism and
- Enhancement of management of natural and cultural heritage sites.
- integrated development of high-priority tourism infrastructure in high potential
- enhanced connectivity and improved environment, utilities, and tourist services,
- improvement of institutional and regulatory frameworks that will ensure coordinated
efforts of multiple agencies,
- promotion of environmentally and culturally sustainable and socially inclusive tourism
- encouragement of private sector and community participation in tourism, and
- capacity building and human resources development for sustainable tourism and destination
management through employment generation, poverty alleviation, environmental regeneration,
advancement of women and disadvantaged groups.
Scenario in Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu is a State with several distinguished tourism genre. It has cerulean
mountains, verdant vegetations, sandy beaches, mammoth monuments, timeless temples,
fabulous wildlife, scintillating sculptures and reverberating rural life. It has
picturesque spots, continuing heritage, cultural confluence and aesthetic magnificence.
Tamil Nadu has excellent hill stations like Ooty, Kodaikanal, Yercaud, Elagiri,
Javvadhu Hills, Kolli Hills, Sirumalai Hills, Valparai, Topslip, Parvathamalai Hills
and Pachamalai Hills. It has silvery cascades in Courtallam, Hogenakkal, Thiruparappu,
Monkey falls, Thirumurthi Malai, Akasa Gangai and Papanasam. It has excellent National
Parks like Guindy National Park and Anamalai National Park. It has wildlife sanctuaries
in Mudumalai, Kodiakarai, Kalakkad, Mundanthurai and Berijam. It has Botanical Gardens
in Ooty, Kodaikanal and Coimbatore. It has UNESCO declared monuments like living
Chola temples at Thanjavur, Darasuram and Gangaikondacholapuram, monuments at Mamallapuram
and Nilgiris Heritage Train. The vast coastline of Tamil Nadu has many silvery beaches
like the Marina, Elliots, Thiruvanmiyur, Tiruchendur, Rameswaram and Kanniyakumari.
The temples of Tamil Nadu reverberate with spirituality and music. Madurai, Rameswaram,
Kumbakonam, Chidambaram, Thanjavur and Tiruchirappalli have innumerable temples
with different deities. The finely hewn grandeur sculptures reflect artistic excellence
and cultural splendour.
As Tamil Nadu has its unique culture and abundant tourism potential, tourists from
upcountry and abroad flock the tourist spots throughout the year. The spots get
over-crowded during the seasons. To facilitate the tourists, Tamil Nadu Tourism
has been taking enduring efforts to promote tourist places by providing basic infrastructure
like public convenience, rest shed, drinking water, road improvement, car parking,
Tamil Nadu Tourism
Tamil Nadu Tourism comprises Tourism Department in the Secretariat, and a Commissionerate
of Tourism functioning to formulate policies and implement programmes for the development
of tourism sector in the State. Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation is a
state owned public sector undertaking to initiate novel ventures and innovate new
schemes for providing demonstration effect to the private sector. In performing
this role, Tamil Nadu Tourism coordinates the activities of various other Government
Departments / agencies and the private sector.
Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation (TTDC) has been operating Hotels, Youth
Hostels, Restaurants, Tours, Boat houses and Telescope houses as a forerunner for the
private sector to follow as new area of business proposition.