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It is called as Poompuhar or Puhar : Puhar in tamil means the ‘estuary’ of river in the sea. Poompuhar is located close to the spot where the river Cauveri flows out into the sea. It is a town in the Sirkali Taluk, Nagapattinam District of Southern Tamil Nadu. This ancient port city earlier called as Kaveri poompattinam, served as the Capital of early Chola rulers. Original town destroyed by sea and submerged presumably in 500 AD was rebuilt after that. Ancient Pottery and figurines dating back to the 4th century were recently found in ASI excavation. Emperors like Sembiyan, Muchugunda, Manuneethi and Karikala of Chola Dynasty added glory to Poompuhar.

National institute of Marine Archaeology confirms through its marine archaeological researches, that, much of the town was washed away by progressive erosion and floods. Submerged wharves and lengths of pier walls have been excavated in the recent times. They match the literary references to Poompuhar.

Buddhism flourished in Poompuhar two thousands years ago. Pillars erected during 2nd century BC had the inscriptions Kangitha Somaya Pikunia Thanam. It means “This pillar was donated by Somaya Pikkuni of Poompuhar” Masilamani Nathar Koil was built in 1305 by Maravarma Kulasekara Pandiyan which bore the sea erosion and 7 storied structure dedicated Silapathigaram Art Gallery focusing on Sangam literature are the two important landmarks that impresses all the tourists visiting to this town. The best time to visit Poompuhar is between December to February. It is also known to be the oldest inhabited area in Tamil Nadu. Poompuhar of today has a population of 86,155 (2011 Census).

                                                                                           Places to Visit :

KalaikoodamSilapathigaram Art Gallery : The Silappathikaram Art Gallery is a seven storied, classically built structure. The first floor of this building is 12 ft high and all the other floors have a height of 5 ft each. The tower comprises of Kalasams having a height of 8 ft, which brings the total height of this gallery to 50 ft. At the entrance of this gallery, there is a 22½ feet 'Magara Thoranavayil' has been designed on the pattern of Magara Thorana Vayil, found in Suruli Malai Mangala Devi Temple. The Anklet shaped tank within the building premises, has the statues of Kannagi and Madhavi on the sides of these tanks. The arte facts in this gallery comprises of scenes from Sangam Epic Silappathikaram. They were created by the sculptors of Government College of Architecture and Sculpture of Mamallapuram, and remains the treasure house of Tamil culture. Timings : 8:30 am to 1:00 pm and 2:30 pm to 8:30 pm Entrance fee - Adult: 3/- per head and Child Rs.2/-.

Elanchi / Ilanji Mandram : It is nothing but a monument referred in the epic Silapathigaram. In Silapathikaram, Devanthi, the friend of Kannagi, told her about the Elanchi. Mandram Situated in the Confluence of Cauvery into Bay of Bengal. It is a park where Neydarl filed opens its petals and where two sacred tanks are dedicated to the Sun and Moon. These miracle tanks cured all the diseases. And also believed to bring harmony between husband and Wives.

Kotra Pandal :  The Stage in which the arrangement of Madhavi took place was chosen in accordance with the time honoured tradition set by the architects. The Canopy was painted with many beautiful pictures, from which were hanging loosely set garlands of pears. It showed the novel and attractive appearance, which the stage presented.


Tamil Nadu Tourism Development Corporation, Hotel Tamil Nadu.


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